Spine surgery is a vast area, and it needs extreme surgical dexterity to fix the problems of this most complex structure – a combination of bones, nerves, ligaments, tendons and of course muscles. Lower back pain, neck pain, degenerative disc disease, spinal stenosis, spondylosis, osteoporosis, scoliosis are most common spine related conditions.
While certain health conditions causing chronic pain can be managed with medications, physiotherapy and through other conservative methods, few might require surgical intervention for relieving the pain.
Spine surgery can be complex depending on the condition and so is recovery time. The latest advancements in surgery, however, decreased the pain and blood loss significantly.
The patient may be advised some restricted movement for up to a few days, post-surgery and assistance while walking and performing daily duties. Regular physiotherapy and medications help greatly in gaining back the movement.
Majority of patients can resume regular work within 3 to 4 weeks.
Spine surgeries performed by extensively trained orthopedic surgeons are of many types including:
Until recently, spine surgeries were done in an open method, which means they are largely invasive. However, with latest medical advancements minimally invasive spine surgery has become a reality, which ensures less blood loss and faster recovery.
Minimally invasive spine surgeries are done by making a small incision through the skin, through which an endoscope with a tiny camera at the end, is slipped inside for projecting images on the monitor. Guided by surgical image systems like real time X-ray or fluoroscopy, the surgery is performed through the tubular retraction system, aided by special surgical equipment.
Types of spine surgeries that can be performed through minimally invasive procedures are herniated disc, degenerative disc disease, scoliosis, spinal stenosis.