Urology, also known as genitourinary surgery, is a medical speciality that focuses on diagnosing and treating diseases related to the urinary tract system in all genders. Urologists also treat various health conditions associated with male reproductive organs.
Coined from the Greek word οὖρον ouron “urine” and -λογία -logia “study of”), organs that come under urology include kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra, adrenal glands, and the male reproductive organs – testes, epididymis, vas deferens, seminal vesicles, prostate, and penis).
The medical conditions related to these organs are referred to with an umbrella term, Genitourinary disorders. Urology is a speciality that deals with a wide range of medical conditions. The specialists trained in this area are closely consulted to work in tandem with oncologists, nephrologists, gynecologists, gastroenterologists, endocrinologists, pediatricians.
Sunway Medical Center, the best urology hospital in Chennai, offers urology care of international standards by the best urology doctors. The best hospital in Chennai offers highly advanced diagnostic, surgical, minimally invasive, and non-surgical procedures to the patients.
The Department of Urology at Sunway Medical Center is equipped with state-of-the-art diagnostic and treatment equipment for accurate diagnosis and customized treatment plans.
Best Urologists In Chennai:
The Department of Urology at Sunway Medical Centre is led by highly competent surgeons and experts in various subspecialties of urology. This medical facility has highly complex laparoscopic urological surgeries, urogynecological conditions, reconstructive surgeries, pediatric urology, and prostate procedures.
The prostate is a male gland, about the size of a walnut, located between the urinary bladder and penis. It is responsible for ensuring the smoothness of urine, nourishing and protecting the sperms besides ejaculation of sperm. Infections of the prostate trigger inflammation in the gland, which is called prostatitis. Prostatic enlargement, caused by Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy, is another health problem often reported by the elderly. Though prostate-related issues are often found in older men, it is uncommon to be reported by youngsters. Prostate cancer is one of the most common reasons behind fatalities in men.
Prostate-related problems can present with varied symptoms, including frequent urination, slow flow of urine, blood in urine, and urinary retention. Like any other condition, early diagnosis plays a crucial role in prostate-related problems. If the doctor suspects cancer, a blood test for PSA would be recommended to correlate the results with a TRUS biopsy.
The diagnostic and treatment procedures are minimally invasive, and the patient can resume regular duties within a few days.
Male infertility is a common but under-addressed problem in our society, owing to its taboo. Contrary to the belief that male infertility is tough to treat, it can be addressed with proper medications and lifestyle changes. The diagnosis involves the study of complete health history, blood work, semen, and hormonal evaluations. The doctor may seek image testing or even a biopsy in rare cases.
The treatment plan is then drawn upon the cause of infertility, including health history, lifestyle habits, and chronic health conditions. In the case of varicocele–dilated veins above, it can be treated with microsurgical varicocelectomy or Varicocele Ligation to improve the sperm count.
Urinary incontinence is a common condition among women, where the urine leaks while coughing, laughing, and exerting pressure. It can lead to awkward feelings and embarrassment, but it can be treated completely. With an accurate diagnosis with the help of imaging studies, urodynamics, and cystoscopy, urinary incontinence is treated with procedures like Pelvic Organ Prolapse or Pelvic Floor Repair.
Urinary incontinence can happen in men who have prostate cancer or enlargement and is treated by placing slings or sphincters.
Urethral stricture is a condition where the urethra, the tube expelling urine, gets scarred. As a result, the urine flow gets restricted, urine retention, pain, difficult and frequent urination, and recurrent UTI. The treatment followed by diagnosis is done by stage urethroplasty, buccal mucosal graft urethroplasty.
Kidney stones, nephrolithiasis, or urolithiasis is a common condition found in all genders. If tiny, kidney stones get excreted through urine, but if they grow beyond 5mm, one would require surgery. Kidney stones can cause excruciating pain in the groin region, down into the inner thigh. Referred to as renal colic, it is dealt with lithotripsy, a procedure where shock waves break stones in the kidney and parts of the ureter into small pieces, which pass out of the body through urine.
Post-procedure, the patient might require dietary and lifestyle changes to prevent further formation of kidney stones.
Urological cancers affecting kidneys, urinary bladder, prostate, testicles, and penis are one of the leading causes of death. Early diagnosis plays an imperative role in treating the condition, followed by an effective treatment plan. In the majority of cases, surgery forms the first line of treatment, followed by chemotherapy, radiation, targeted therapy, and immunotherapy based on the stage and grade of cancer. Talk to our experts for comprehensive treatment plans.
Erectile dysfunction or ED is defined as a man’s inability to achieve or maintain an erection to reach an orgasm or satisfy his partner. Erectile dysfunction is quite common above 50 and is often triggered by poor lifestyle habits and health conditions, including cardiovascular diseases, high blood pressure, diabetes, neurodegenerative conditions, alcohol, and smoking.
Treatment options include medications, penile implants to lifestyle changes.
Minimally Invasive Procedures:
For appointments with best urology doctors in Chennai, Contact: Sunway Medical Centre: